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Citing Books



Book with single author

APA

Basic Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
    Location: Publisher.

Lopez, B. (1986). Arctic dreams: Imagination and desire in a
    northern landscape
.New York: Scribner.


MLA

Basic Format:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
    Medium of Publication.

Lopez, Barry. Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a
    Northern Landscape
. New York: Scribner, 1986. Print.


Chicago

Notes:

Barry Lopez, Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a Northern Landscape, (New York: 
   Scribner, 1997), 147.

Bibliography:

Lopez, Barry. Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a Northern Landscape.  New York:
   Scribner. 1997.


CSE

Citation-Sequence

Lopez, B. Arctic dreams: imagination and desire in a northern
landscape. New York (NY): Scribner; 1997.

Name-Year

Lopez, B. 1997. Arctic dreams: imagination and desire in a
northern landscape. NewYork (NY): Scribner.


Book with two or more authors

APA

Breivik, P., & Gee, G. (2006). Higher education in the
    Internet age: Libraries creating a strategic edge
.
    Westport, CT: Praeger.


MLA

Breivik, Patricia , and Gordon Gee. Higher Education
    in the Internet Age: Libraries Creating a Strategic
    Edge
. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2006. Print.


Chicago

Notes:

Patricia Brevik and Gordon Gee, Higher Education in the Internet Age: Libraries Creating a 
   Strategic Edge,
(Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2006), 231-235.

Bibliography:

Breivik, Patricia , and Gordon Gee. Higher Education in the Internet Age:  Libraries Creating a
  Strategic Edge
. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. 2006.


CSE Citation-Sequence

Breivik P, Gee G. Higher education in the Internet age:
libraries creating a strategic edge. Westport (CT): Praeger; 2006.

Name-Year

Breivik P, Gee G. 2006. Higher education in the Internet age:
libraries creating a strategic edge. Westport (CT): Praeger.


Edited book

APA

Clayton, S. J. (Ed.). (2007). Going the distance: Library
    instruction for remote learners.
New York: Neal-Schuman.


MLA Clayton, Susan J., ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction
    for Remote Learners.
New York: Neal-Schuman, 2007. Print.


Chicago

Notes:

Susan J. Clayton, ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction for Remote Learners, (New York:
   Neal-Schuman, 2007), 112-113.

Bibliography:

Clayton, Susan J., ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction for Remote Learners. New York:
    Neal-Schuman, 2007.

CSE

Citation-Sequence

Cimellaro G, Andrei R, Bruneau M, Rutenberg A, editors.
Multidimensional fragility of structures: formulation and evaluation.
Buffalo (NY): Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering
Research; 2006.

Name-Year

Cimellaro G, Andrei, R Bruneau, M Rutenberg, A. 2006. Multidimensional
fragility of structures: formulation and evaluation. Buffalo (NY):
Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.


E-book

APA

Subscription

Scranton, R. (1957). Mediaeval architecture in the central area of
    Corinth
[Monograph].  Retrieved from History E-Book Project Web
    site: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/

Free Web

Austin, Jane. (1895). Pride and Prejudice. New York: Macmillan.
    Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?
    fk_files=907737


MLA

Subscription

Scranton, Robert. Mediaeval Architecture in the Central Area of
    Corinth
. Princeton, NJ: American School of Classical Studies at
    Athens, 1957. History E-Book Project. Web. 21 Feb. 2007.

Free Web

Austin, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Macmillan, 1895.
    Project Gutenberg
. Web. 8 July 2009.


Chicago

Notes:

Catherine Delafield and Bob Jones, Women’s Diaries as Narrative in the Nineteenth-Century
   Novel,
(Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009), NetLibrary e-book, 33.

 Bibliography:

Delafield, Catherine, and Bob Jones. Women's Diaries as Narrative in the Nineteenth-Century
   Novel
. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009, 2009. NetLibrary e-book.


CSE

Citation-Sequence

Fischbach, FT. A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests [web].
Philadelphia (PA): Kluwer; 2009.

Name-Year

Fischbach, FT. 2009. A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests [web].
Philadelphia (PA): Kluwer.


Chapter within book

APA

Fiedler, L. (1980). The demon of the continent.  In G.M. Bataille &
    C.L.P. Silet (Eds.), The pretend Indians: Images of Native
    Americans
in the movies (pp. 9-15). Ames, IA: Iowa State
    University Press.


MLA

Fiedler, Leslie. "The Demon of the Continent." The Pretend Indians:
    Images of Native Americans in the Movies
. Ed. Gretchen M.
    Bataille and Charles L.P. Silet. Ames, IA: Iowa State University
    Press, 1980. 9-15. Print.


Chicago

Notes:

Leslie Fiedler, “The Demon of the Continent," in The Pretend Indians: Images of Native
  Americans
in the Movies, ed. G.M. Bataille & C.L.P. Silet (Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1980), 176.

Bibliography:

Fiedler, Leslie. “The Demon of the Continent." In The Pretend Indians: Images of Native
  Americans
in the Movies, ed. G.M. Bataille & C.L.P. Silet, 9-15. Ames, IA: Iowa State University
   Press. 1980.


CSE

Fiedler L. The demon of the continent. In: Bataille, GM, Silet CLP,
editors. The pretend Indians: images of native Americans in the movies.
Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press; c1980. p. 9-15.


Entry in encyclopedia

APA

With author given:

Zophy, J.W. (1999). Habsburg dynasty. In Encyclopaedia of
    the Renaissance
(Vol. 3, pp.109-116). New York: Gale.

With no author given:

Civil engineers. (2005). In Encyclopedia of careers and
    vocational guidance
(Vol. 2, pp. 516-519). New York:
    Ferguson.


MLA

Print with author given:

Zophy, Jonathan W.  "Habsburg Dynasty ."  Encyclopedia of
    the Renaissance
. Ed. Arthur Miller. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York:
    Gale, 1999. Print.

Print with no author given:

"Civil Engineers." Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational
    Guidance
. 13th ed. 2005. Print.

Library Database

"Humpback Whale." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2007 ed.
    Encyclopaedia Britannica Online
. Web. 25 July 2007.

Free Web

"String Theory." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, 2007.
    Web. 25 Jul. 2007.


Chicago

[According to The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.), "Well-known reference books, such as major dictionaries and encyclopedias, are normally cited in notes rather than in bibliographies." (Section 14.247, p. 755)]

Notes:

Olivia Markuson, "Judy Chicago," In Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the 20th Century (Boston: Commonwealth Press, 2008), 43.


CSE

No example provided in current edition.


Book Review

APA

Rogers, M. (1995, August). [Review of the books The Tree Where Man
    Was Born
and Wildlife in America, by P. Matthiessen]. Library Journal,
    120
(8), 138.


MLA

Rogers, Michael.  Rev. of The Tree Where Man Was Born and Wildlife
    in America
, by Peter Matthiessen. Library Journal  120.8 (1995): 138.
    Print.


Chicago

Notes:

David Kamp, “Deconstructing Dinner,” review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A
   Natural History of Four Meals
, by Michael Pollan, New York Times, April 23,
   2006, Sunday Book Review,
   http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/23/books/review/23kamp.html.

Bibliography:

Kamp, David. “Deconstructing Dinner.” Review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A
   Natural History of Four Meals
, by Michael Pollan. New York Times, April 23,
   2006, Sunday Book Review.
   http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/23/books/review/23kamp.html.


CSE

No example provided in current edition.


Thesis or dissertation

APA

Library Database :

McGuire, D.T., Jr. (1985).History as epic: Silius Italicus and
    the second Punic War
(Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved
    from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No.
    1432685)

Free Web :

Kerr, P.G. (1985). Liturgical spaces: Procession in the
    Catholic church
(Master's thesis). Retrieved from
    http://hdl.handle.net/1853/21641

Print:

Rogers, T.L. (2005). Creating and on-line learning
    community for new school superintendents: Using
    technology to answer the unmet professional development
    needs of educational learners
(Doctoral dissertation).
    Columbia University, New York.

Christensen, B.A. (2000). Biomechanics and behavior of
    hummingbird molt
. (Unpublished master's thesis). University
    of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


MLA

Library Database:

McGuire, Donald T., Jr. "History as Epic: Silius Italicus and the
    Second Punic War." Diss. Cornell U, 1985. ProQuest
    Dissertations and Theses.
Web. 8 July 2009.

Free Web :

Christensen, Beth, A. "Biomechanics and Behavior of Hummingbird
    Molt." MS thesis U of British Columbia, 2000. Web. 8 July 2009.

Print:

Rogers, Thomas L. "Creating and On-line Learning Community for
    New School  Superintendents: Using Technology to Answer the
    Unmet Professional Development Needs of Educational Learners."
    Diss. Teachers College, Columbia U, 2005. Print.


Chicago

Published:

Notes:

Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song
   Dynasty” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008).

Bibliography:

Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song
   Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008.

Choi, Mihwa. "Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song
   Dynasty."The University of Chicago, 2008.
   http://search.proquest.com/docview/304412168?accountid=14169.

Unpublished [the word "unpublished" is unnecessary]:

Notes:

Tara Hostetler, “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘Typhoid
   Mary’” (Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007).

Bibliography:

Hostetler, Tara. “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of
   ‘Typhoid Mary.’” Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007.


CSE

Christensen BA. Biomechanics and behavior of hummingbird molt
[master's thesis]. [Vancouver (BC)]: University of British Columbia; 2000.

[The latest edition does not distinguish between print and online
dissertations or theses.]