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Robert L. Brown History of Medicine

History of Medicine News

Chart the future by exploring the past

Boces 2014!

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On October 24th the History of Medicine Collection was pleased once again to host a visit from students involved in the Erie 1 BOCES:Connections Health Related Careers program. This 1-year  program gives honors-level high school seniors the opportunity to observe careers in many allied health areas through a mentor relationship with a practicing professional in fields including Anatomy, Physiology and Disease, Health Core/Internship, English 12 and Social Studies: Participation in Government & Economics. Participants spend three hours each day at a designated hospital site taking course work and observing all aspects of health careers.” The two hospitals involved are Veterans and Millard Fillmore Suburban.  This group was guided by their always enthusiastic instructor, Christine Tillman.  The students also worked with HSL librarian Liz Stellrecht on how to locate and evaluate quality health sciences literature using UB Libraries’ resources.  Following a tour of the History of Medicine Collection, the students had the opportunity to explore old books and medical instruments “up close and personal.”  It was a most enjoyable experience to meet this new group of bright and motivated students!

 

 

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Dr. William C. Krauss of Buffalo: Champion of the Medical Library

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Dr. William Christopher Krauss

Dr. William Christopher Krauss

In recognition of Medical Librarians Month, I thought I would share an interesting address delivered at the January, 1905 annual meeting of the Medical Society of the County of Erie held in Buffalo, New York.  Dr. William C. Krauss, a prominent Buffalo physician, discussed his thoughts on the importance of having a “consolidated” medical library in the community that would serve as “an important adjunct to a medical center.”  He believed that “the library is practically a storehouse of medical literature with the advantage that all material is arranged and cared for so as to be available at a moment’s notice and that “the value of the medical library as a factor in medical education cannot be overestimated,…”  He also discusses the importance of professional medical library associations, specifically mentioning the Association of Medical Librarians, now the Medical Library Association, founded in 1898 by Sir William Osler, MD, George Milbry Gould, and Margaret Ridley Charlton. According to Dr. Krauss, the purpose of these organizations was to foster “medical libraries and the maintenance of an exchange of medical literature among its members…”

While Krauss felt strongly that the ideal scenario for medical knowledge acquisition would involve both a consolidated medical library and a professional medical library organization, he did mention an interesting alternative, a “sort of community of interest plan.” The five pillars of which included (for the Buffalo region):

1) Card index catalog of all participating public and private libraries

2) Periodicals across institutions would not be duplicated to allow for more extensive coverage of medical topics across the community

3) The development of each library’s collection to best serve their main constituents

4) Acquainting the profession with the Index Medicus and the Index Catalog of the Surgeon General Office, while fostering inter-library loan activities

5) To preserve the literary efforts of the Buffalo and Erie County medical profession in a central location.

Curious for more? The link to the article is below…I believe that it is well worth reading!

http://bit.ly/1nqSqNA

Buffalo Medical Journal Vol. 60 1904/1905

Dr. William Chrisopher Krauss himself was an interesting individual.  He received his MD from Bellevue in 1886 and another MD from Berlin in 1888.  His specialty was neurology and he was the first to study the effects of high voltage on the brain.  To read more about him follow this link:

http://bit.ly/1DfWCUg  Obituary starts at bottom of page 378.

Buffalo Medical Journal Vol. 65, 1909/1910

First volume of the Bulletin of the Association of Medical Librarians, 1902

First volume of the Bulletin of the Association of Medical Librarians, 1902

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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What’s Happening in History of Medicine

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With the second week of October already upon us, the Fall Semester activities here at UB are certainly in full swing!We have had an exciting, busy semester thus far and have been fortunate to have hosted or participated in several very worthwhile endeavors.

On Friday, September 19th, 2014 the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection was privileged to host the Faculty of the UB School of Nursing as they celebrated the 18th Annual Bullough Endowed Lecture. While at this pre-lecture luncheon, Marsha Lewis, PhD, RN, FAAN, Dean of the UB School of Nursing, guest speaker Marla Salmon, ScD, RN, FAAN., Professor of Nursing at the University of Washington, as well as several of the School’s faculty and emerita faculty joined Keith Mages, senior assistant librarian of the Collection and UB Nursing School alumnus, as he conducted a tour for the guests with a focus on the Bullough Nursing History Collection and our historical nursing artifacts.

Guests at the Bullough Luncheon

Guests at the Bullough Luncheon

Guests at the Bullough Luncheon

Guests at the Bullough Luncheon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Brandy Schillace

Dr. Brandy Schillace

Brandy Pic

Guests who attended the Friends of the Health Sciences Library’s Annual Program on October 6th, 2014 enjoyed a stimulating presentation by Dr. Brandy Schillace, Research Associate at the Dittrick Medical History Center and Sages Teaching Fellow at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.  Dr. Schillace’s talk, Naissance Macbre: Birth, Death and Female  Anatomy, focused on the anatomy of the pregnant womb as depicted in works by anatomists and physicians such as Galen, Vesalius, William Smellie, and William Hunter.  The accompanying powerpoint further enhanced the talk which resulted in lively discussions afterwards.  A reception followed in the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection that gave the guests an opportunity to meet the speaker and ask additional questions.  Thanks to everyone who made this event a success!

 

The 48th Annual Membership Meeting of the Western New York Library Resources Council took place on Wednesday, October 8, 2014 at the Lockport Canalside Banquet Center in Lockport.  Following a boat ride on the Erie Canal and dinner, Eric Kinyon of the Town of Lockport IDA, gave a presentation on The Restoration of Lockport’s Erie Canal Flight of Five Locks.  On behalf of the University Libraries, Amy Lyons accepted the Outstanding Library/Program Award for Stress Relief Days, a time when Lockwood and Health Sciences Library provide a space for students to relax, eat, and, most importantly, play with dogs.  It was a great evening to see old friends and to meet new ones!

On the canal

On the Canal

Inside the Banquet Center

Inside the Banquet Center

 

 

 

 

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Destitution, Seduction and Abandonment, and the Drink: Prostitution in New York, 1853

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In the History of Medicine Collection!

Dr. William Wallace Sanger was born in Connecticut in 1819.  After receiving his MD from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in 1847 he spent some time at Bellevue Hospital.  He was subsequently appointed as the first resident physician at the Blackwell’s Island Houses of Correction.  In 1853 concerns about the increase in prostitutes in New York prompted the city’s aldermen to authorize Dr. Sanger to investigate the reasons why women turned to prostitution.  Working with Sanger, police questioned 2,000 women in Blackwell’s venereal disease hospital about their ethnic and social backgrounds and their reasons for becoming prostitutes.  The results were published in Sanger’s landmark 1858 book The History of Prostitution.  (See image below left).  In addition to New York City, Sanger thought that it would be “advisable to ascertain the prevalence of the vice in some of the leading cities of the United States…”  He sent letters to the mayors of a number of cities asking them to respond to questions about prostitution in their cities.  The Mayor of Buffalo’s response is most interesting!

 

 

Prostitution in Buffalo

 SURVEY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

annualreportofgo00newy_0_0152

 

 

1) Wikipedia: William Wallace Sanger

(2) Encyclopedia of prostitution and sex work.  Melissa Hope Ditmore, Ed.  2006. 424-425

(3) The history of Prostitution.  William W. Sanger. 1858

(4) https://archive.org/stream/annualreportofgo00newy_0#page/120/mode/2up

 

 

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Naissance Macabre: Birth, Death, and Female Anatomy

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Friends2014Invite

You are cordially invited to the Annual Program of the Friends of the Health Sciences Library On Monday, October 6th, 2014.  Dr. Brandy Schillace, Research Associate at the Dittrick Medical History Center and Sages Teaching Fellow at Case Western Reserve University, will speak on “Naissance Macabre: Birth, Death and Female Anatomy.  The danse macabre, or dance of death, features whirling skeletons and other personifications of death stalking the living. These images appeared regularly in the medieval period, particularly after outbreaks of bubonic plague. One of the salient features was death and life pictured together, frequently in the form of a young and beautiful woman. The juxtaposition symbolized how fleeting life could be, and served as a warning against vice and vanity. While death and the maiden might remind viewers of their own mortality, another set of images became far more instructive to the preservation of life: death and the mother—the anatomy of the pregnant womb. In this talk, Dr. Schillace, author of Death’s Summer Coat, will discuss historical approaches to death in western culture and western medicine. How did we arrive at our current understanding of death, anatomy, the body, and all the relationships therein? What might our past tell us about our present–and our future?  If you would like to attend the program, please fill out the response form below and return to Linda Lohr, History of Medicine, Health Sciences Library, B5 Abbott Hall, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214 by September, 24, 2014.

We hope to see you there!

 

Friends2014RSVP

Email: lalohr@buffalo.edu   Phone: 829-5737

South Campus Map

Harriman Hall is building #17 Abbott Hall is building #3

 

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History of Medicine comes to the Family Health Fair!

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Some of the Many Providers at the Fair

Keith and I were very pleased to have the opportunity to represent the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection at the Family Health Fair on August 2, 2014 at the Amherst Senior Center.  The Fair was hosted by State Senator Michael Ranzenhofer and the Amherst Senior Center in partnership with Assemblywoman Jane Corwin, Assemblyman Raymond Walter, and Kaleida Health. More than 85 providers offered screenings and services to attendees including blood pressure checks, bone density heel scans, cholesterol and hearing screening and skin cancer screenings.  Surrounded by state of the art health care technology, the History of Medicine exhibit  displayed books and artifacts that provided a glimpse into some historical aspects of public health including well baby contests and child welfare, visiting nurses, and the life of a country doctor in Central New York in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.  We were happy to hand out our new History of Medicine brochures to the numerous attendees who stopped at our tables to chat and share some of their stories.  One visitor, upon seeing a bottle of Cheracol cough medicine on display, told us that as a child she liked the taste of it so much that she once drank an entire bottle.  At that time Cheracol contained, among other ingredients, chloroform, codeine phosphate and alcohol!  It was great to meet new people and see folks who work or used to work at UB. We also held a drawing for the chance to win a pack of our botanical notecards.  Cards were mailed to five lucky winners.  The Health Fair gave Keith and me an invaluable opportunity to promote the Collection to an entirely new audience and hopefully attract more visitors to come and experience it in person.  We also made contacts that may result in our taking part in other events of this nature including participation in future Family Health Fairs.

Healthy Babies and Child Welfare

Healthy Babies and Child Welfare

Visiting Nurses and a Country Doctor

Visiting Nurses and a Country Doctor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Conversations: No. 2

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Tyler Love behind the camera!

We first met Tyler Love as a UB Department of Library Studies graduate student who took our practicum
“Introduction to Special Collections: the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection” in early 2007. In this position, Tyler participated in day-to-day Collection activities such as reference work, exhibit preparation, and collection development. She also contributed her ample artistic and photographic talents to the promotion of the History of Medicine collection, photographing a number of items belonging to our Edgar McGuire Historical Instrument Collection and as well as our books.  Tyler is now an archivist working with the National Air and Space Museum. She previously worked in a similar position with the National Park Service.  As an “old” friend of the History of Medicine Collection we thought it would be fun to ask Tyler a few questions about herself and share the answers with you!

 

You work at the National Air and Space Museum, what a fascinating place to work! Could you tell us a little more about your role there?

I am an archivist. Before this I was the archivist for Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico, which was equally fascinating – just sayin!

What projects have you been most excited to work on?

While working at Chaco, many projects required time out in the field – all of that was great. At NASM I am over the moon to have been selected to process the Arthur C. Clarke papers once they get here from Sri Lanka.

While you visited our Collection, you identified and photographed several woodblock prints and older illustrations. What is it about these pieces of visual culture that intrigue you?

Simply put, I love science and I love art. The books I choose to shoot blend both (or in some cases, what the author thought was science at the time!) I also purposely choose books with dense bindings that would be hard to scan, even with a specially made book scanner.

Random Question: Beer or Wine?

Beer! Especially Dog Fish Head’s Chicory Stout which I have a lot of trouble finding outside of Buffalo.

Blasii-Illustration--dsc_0195

One of Tyler’s pics from a book by Blasii.

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Conversations: No. 1

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This is the first in a series of conversations with friends of the History of Medicine Collection both new and old.  Featured below are two graduates of the UB Medical School who, last fall, came down to the History of Medicine Collection by chance. While looking around they noticed the ongoing “dollar a book” sale carts and spent some time browsing the contents.  They ended up purchasing quite a few of the books and that is how Keith and I came to know Dr. Colleen Nugent and Dr. Peter Martin.  They periodically return to see what “new” items might be available and it’s always a pleasure to talk with them.  We wanted to learn a little more about Peter and Colleen and asked them to respond to several questions about themselves and their love of vintage medical books and history.  We know you’ll enjoy reading their answers!

Tell us a little about yourselves. How did you find our Collection?

We are both grew up in Western New York and met while still attending Canisius College.  We spent many hours in the Health Sciences Library as we each completed graduate and medical degrees through UB.  It was while studying for our specialty board examinations in the HSL that we first learned about the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection and realized that we found a hidden treasure.

You’ve purchased quite a few of our used books, made available during our ongoing book sale. What is it about vintage texts that appeals to you both?

Barrister bookshelf: the new home of the old books!

Barrister bookcase: the new home of some of the old books!

The experience of touching a unique piece of history is always exciting.  It is fascinating to see how much has changed in medicine and how much has remained the same over the past century.  In an age of electronic medical records and an increasingly computerized lifestyle, we enjoy the experience of sitting with an actual book and looking at the world through the medical lens of several generations of physicians. These texts hold the stories and patient descriptions despite being over 100 years old that remain vivid and richly describe the patient as a whole person.  We find ourselves easily able to conjure up an image of these century old encounters much easier and faster than modern EMR templated patients.

What place, if any, does history have in the practice of modern medicine?

There is so much to learn in modern medicine that it is difficult just to keep up-to-date on the newest breakthroughs.  Still, having an appreciation for how things were thought of in the past helps give perspective as to the way that medicine is practiced today.  The field of medicine is constantly reflecting on how to improve, and there are ample examples of how looking back at a previous way that something was thought of or done has been useful in the present.

Bonus Random Question!: If you were to be granted a trip to any location, during any time period, where and when would you choose?  

Buffalo at the turn of the 20th century.  1901 was the time that the lights literally came on in Buffalo.  It must have been an exciting time of rapid expansion industry, medicine and culture.  It would have been dazzling and exciting to see the infant incubator on the Midway.  We cannot help but find some similarities of the Pan- AM Expo with the current day progress with the new medical campus.

Dr. Peter and Dr. Colleen Nugent

Dr. Peter Martin and Dr. Colleen Nugent

 

 

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A Labor of Love: The Birth and Evolution of the UB Museum of Radiology and Medical Physics

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Photo May 29, 6 38 06 PM

Ben Kutas and Daniel Bednarek

The Friends of the Health Sciences Library’s Spring Program took place on Thursday, May 29th, 2014 in the library in Abbott Hall.  In the first portion of the program Dr. Daniel Bednarek, UB Professor of Radiology, shared with the audience the highlights and struggles involved in the creation of the special historical collection that is the UB Museum of Radiology and Medical Physics.  The presentation was followed by a tour of the Museum conducted by Dr. Bednarek and Ben Kutas, RT.  The museum effort, led by the two men, took a major leap forward with the acquisition in 2001 of a large number of items of historical significance to radiology and clinical medicine in general from the estate of the late Dr. Edward Eschner, a former chairman of the Department of Radiology of the University at Buffalo (1957-1971). Bednarek and Kutas have continued to add to the collection with items donated by other individuals, hospitals and x-ray equipment supply companies, particularly Buffalo X-Ray Corp.  Before his death in 1991, George J. Alker, Jr., MD, UB Chair of Radiology (1985-1991), also maintained artifacts at the Erie County Medical Center with Dr. Bednarek; most were moved into storage in H Building of the old E.J. Meyer Memorial Hospital and were lost in 2000 with asbestos abatement prior to demolition of the building. Following Dr. Alker’s death his widow, Mrs. June Alker, provided active and financial support for the project which was critical to keeping it alive.  Shortly after Dr. Eschner’s death in 2001, storage space was obtained for the collection in the cafeteria building of the old Meyer and in 2002 the collection was moved to larger space in UB’s vacant Acheson Hall. In April 2006, due to renovation of Acheson into Kapoor Hall, the collection was moved to Hayes Annex C. In January 2011 the Museum had to move again due to the space needs of the School of Architecture and was relocated to its current home in the lower level of the Health Sciences Library in Abbott Hall.

Inside the Museum

Inside the Museum

Items on display include original gas x-ray tubes, hand-held fluoroscopes, early generators in wooden cases, a World War II era portable military x-ray unit, an upright stereoscope, glass-plate radiographs, diathermy machines, and “violet-ray” devices. The museum also includes a library containing some of the seminal literature of the field. The mission of the museum is to preserve this collection and to provide a venue for its exhibition. For additional information or to arrange a tour of the museum, please contact:  Dr. Daniel Bednarek bednarek@buffalo.edu or Ben Kutas bjkutas@roadrunner.com

Guests enjoy the post-program reception

Guests enjoy the post-program reception

For additional photos from the event go to

 https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.10152538853565962.1073741830.57130565961&type=1

 

 

 

 

 

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The Field Museum

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The Field Museum

The Field Museum

While in Chicago for the ALHHS Meeting, Keith and I had the opportunity to visit the Field Museum where we saw some wonderful sights including the 1893 World’s Fair exhibit, an impressive Egyptian collection and the Museum’s Pritzker Laboratory, an inter-departmental multi-user core facility dedicated to genetic analysis and preservation of the world’s biodiversity.  http://www.fieldmuseum.org/explore/department/pritzkerlab   The Field Museum, originally named the Columbian Museum of Chicago, was primarily an outgrowth of the World’s Columbian Exposition held in Chicago in 1893, and was intended to be “a great museum that shall be a fitting memorial of the World’s Columbian Exposition and a permanent advantage and honor to the city.” The Museum’s name changed in 1894 to the Field Columbian Museum and in 1905 it became the Field Museum of Natural History to honor Marshall Field, the Museum’s first major benefactor, and to emphasize its natural sciences collection in anthropology, botany, geology and zoology.  It’s a destination well worth experiencing when in Chicago!

http://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/timeline

http://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/brief-history

Does this remind you of anyone famous?

Remind you of anyone famous?

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From the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition Exhibit

FIELD3

Pritzker Laboratory

 

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