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Finding Aid for the Livingston Gearhart Recordings, 1949-2001

Mus. Arc. 23.4

State University of New York at Buffalo. Music Library

112 Baird Hall
Buffalo, New York 14260-4750
United States
Phone: 716 645-2924
Fax: 716 645-3906
Email: musique@buffalo.edu
URL: http://library.buffalo.edu/music/

Finding aid prepared by John Bewley.
Finding aid encoded in EAD by John Bewley, April 2011.
Finding aid written in English.
Finding aid prepared using DACS ( Describing Archives: A Content Standard ).

Please use the following URL when citing this document:

© 2011. State University of New York at Buffalo. All rights reserved.

Collection Overview

Title: Livingston Gearhart Recordings, 1949-2001
Collection Number: Mus. Arc. 23.4
Creator: Gearhart, Livingston
Extent: 2 boxes (24 items)
Language of Material: No textual materials are included in this collection.
Repository: State University of New York at Buffalo. Music Library
Abstract: The collection of Livingston Gearhart Recordings contains reel to reel and cassette tapes, compact discs, and LPs containing music composed or arranged by Livingston Gearhart.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Specified item], Livingston Gearhart Recordings, 1949-2001, Music Library, The State University of New York at Buffalo.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Livingston and Pamela Gearhart. Some items acquired by the Music Library separately.

Terms of Access

Materials can be examined by qualified researchers in the Music Library during hours of operation during which Music Librarians are present. In order to insure access, researchers are advised to contact the Music Library in advance of visits.


Copyright for the materials in the collection does not reside with the Music Library. Therefore, patrons wishing to publish any item, or part of an item from this collection for any purpose, are responsible for securing requisite permissions.

Alternate Forms

Reel to reel tape items (1-5) have been reformatted to digital files. Archival and service copies are housed adjacent to the related items.

Processing Information

Processed by Kathryn M. Blough, 1999; re-processed as separate collection by John Bewley, 2011.

Accruals and Additions

No further accruals are expected to this collection.

Biographical Note

Livingston Gearhart was born in Buffalo, New York December 31, 1916. His mother was Lillian Hawley Gearhart, a pianist who had studied for a year under Theodor Leschetizky in Vienna. As a child Gearhart studied piano, oboe, violoncello, and sang in church choirs in Buffalo and New York City. He graduated from high school in East Orange, New Jersey in 1935. He entered Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia in 1935 as an oboe student of Marcel Tabuteau. In his second year he switched his major to study composition with Rosario Scalero and piano with Nadia Reisenberg.

Gearhart sailed to Paris aboard the Normandie in 1937. With generous support from a wealthy American expatriate, he was able to enroll at the Conservatoire Américain de Fontainebleau where he studied music theory and composition with Nadia Boulanger. He was awarded the school's 2nd prize (no first prize was awarded that year) in the Prix Stovall composition competition in 1937. While in Paris he also met Igor Stravinsky, Darius Milhaud, Robert Casadesus, pianist Isidore Philipp, and his future wife and duo-piano partner, Virginia Clotfelter. He and Virginia performed their debut in Paris February 1, 1939 at the Salle Chopin. They received good reviews and were then able to give concerts in other French and Swiss locations until the conditions of World War II caused them to return to the United States.

Virginia Clotfelter adopted the professional name Morley and married Gearhart February 28, 1940 in New York City. They worked at numerous venues, including the Hotel Brevoort and the club, Ruban Bleu, both operated by Herbert Jacoby. The pair spent the summers of 1942 and 1943 as Artists-in-Residence at Morley's alma mater, Mills College in Oakland, California. While there Gearhart was able to study composition with Darius Milhaud. The Budapest String Quartet was also in residence at Mills College during those years and Gearhart and Morley formed friendships with quartet members Alexander and Mischa Schneider. The Morley Gearhart duo was very successful, performing works by Milhaud, Norman Dello Joio, David Diamond, and Stravinsky's Concerto per due pianoforte soli.

The duo received contracts with Columbia Concerts and the Fred Waring Show that extended from 1943-1954. During 1941 to 1954, the two-piano team of Morley and Gearhart performed over 2000 concerts throughout the US and Canada in addition to recording for Columbia Masterworks and Decca Records. Included among the many concert dates was a performance by the duo at the White House for President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953. During this period Gearhart also worked as a staff arranger for the Fred Waring Show.

A two-CD retrospective released in 2001, Morley and Gearhart Rediscovered by Ivory Classics, features 22 of Gearhart's two-piano arrangements. Some of these arrangements survive at Penn State in their collection, Fred Waring's America. In many cases Gearhart never fully wrote out his part of a duo so no written arrangement survives.

Livingston Gearhart's output contains several collections written for pedagogical purposes. The first of Gearhart's these works to be published was Clarinet Sessions in 1945. That was followed by similar collections for trumpet, violin, flute, and duos. Gearhart's entire compositional and arranging output includes 400-500 works (counting individual works within the collections).

Gearhart returned to Buffalo in 1955 and was appointed to the faculty of the music department at the University of Buffalo. After a divorce from Virginia Morley, he married violinist and conductor Pamela Gerhart (not a misspelling) in 1955. He taught various courses in keyboard, theory, and orchestration until his retirement in 1985.

Livingston Gearhart had four children: Paul, born to Virginia Morley Gearhart; Kim, Martha, and Fritz, born to Pamela Gearhart. Livingston Gearhart died in Buffalo at the age of 79 on July 14, 1996.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains reel-to-reel and cassette tapes of music compositions and arrangements by Livingston Gearhart. One cassette contains a recording of his memorial service. Two compact discs contain reissues of recordings issued by the duo-piano team, Morley and Gearhart. The long playing recordings consist of three Fred Waring recordings with arrangements by Gearhart, the original Morley and Gearhart duo-piano recordings, and seven recordings of other compositions and arrangements by Gearhart.

Container List

Box Item Contents
1 1 Gearhart, Livingston
Parade of the cliches, undated

1 3-inch reel of tape
1 2 Brubeck, Dave
Watusi drums, after 1966?

1 3-inch reel of tape

Arrangement of Dave Brubeck's Watusi drums by Livingston Gearhart for concert band.

1 3 FW & PA's Rudolph, the red-nose reindeer, undated
1 5-inch reel of tape

Arrangement by Livingston Gearhart for Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians for voices, instrumental accompaniment, and sound effects. The arrangement appeared on Fred Waring's Christmas albums, Twas the night before Christmas and Meaning of Christmas.

1 4 Gearhart, Livingston
Variations on an American air, August 14, 1962

1 5-inch reel of tape
Chautauqua Symphony Orchestra, Walter Hendl, conductor and piano soloist, Chautauqua, New York. Based on Yankee Doodle.
1 5 Gearhart, Livingston
YD in Ithaca, October 19, 1979

1 7-inch reel of tape
Gearhart's Variations on an American air performed by the Ithaca College Orchestra in Ford Auditorium, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York. It is based on Yankee Doodle.
2 6 Gearhart, Livingston
Frontier U., undated

1 10-inch reel of tape
Music for a documentary film, Decade for decision. It was about education in the United States and used the University of Buffalo as an example. The film was produced for RKO-Pathe in 1957 by Jay Bonafield and was written by Ardis Smith.
Reformatted to compact disc April 16, 2004.
Box Item Contents
2 7 Gearhart, Livingston
Variations on an American air, October 19, 1979

1 cassette
Ithaca College Orchestra, Pamela Gearhart, conductor. With commentary by the composer.
2 8 Livingston Gearhart Memorial Service, October 6, 1996
1 cassette
Box Item Contents
2 9 Gearhart, Livingston
Variations on an American air, 1977 or 1979

1 compact disc
Writing on CD states "Ithaca College 1977". Ithaca College Orchestra, Pamela Gearhart, conductor, with Livingston Gearhart as piano soloist and narrator.
2 10 Americans in Paris: Morley & Gearhart, duo-pianists University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University, 1990
1 compact disc
Mastered by Digi-Rom.
2 11 Virginia Morley and Livingston Gearhart rediscovered Columbus, Ohio: Ivory Classics, 2001
2 compact discs
Publisher's number: 64405-72004
Box Item Contents
2 12 1974 NYSSMA Thousand Islands High School all state music festival Clarence, New York : Mark Custom Recording Division , 1974
2 sound discs
Publisher number: MC 5969.

Side one (of four) contains Gearhart's arrangement of Sergei Rachmaninoff's Vocalise and his own composition, Overture on Jewish theme[s], performed by the festival's orchestra, conducted by Pamela Gearhart.

2 13 Massachusetts Music Educators Association fifth annual Southeastern District junior high concert East Bridgewater, Massachusetts : John Brooks Custom Recording , 1978
2 sound discs
Publisher number: JB7816.
Concert recorded March 11, 1978 at Silver Lake Regional High School, Pembroke, Massachusetts.

Side one (of three) contains Gearhart's arrangement of Sergei Rachmaninoff's Vocalise, op. 34, performed by the festival's orchestra, conducted by Pamela Gearhart.

2 14 Ithaca College Sectional All-State Music Festival Clarence, New York : Mark Custom Recording Division , 197-
1 sound disc
Publisher number: MC-5367.

Contains Gearhart's Overture on Jewish themes , performed by the festival's orchestra, conducted by Pamela Gearhart.

2 15 Orchfare, volume 1: the Ithaca College string and symphony orchestras Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania : Shawnee Press, 1981
1 sound disc
Publisher number: P 652.

Contains Gearhart's String Mix no. 1 , performed by the Ithaca College String Orchestra, conducted by Pamela Gearhart.

Program notes consist of miniature scores of recorded works.

2 16 Orchfare, volume 2: the Ithaca College String and Symphony Orchestras Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania : Shawnee Press, 1982
1 sound disc
Publisher number: P 679.

Contains Gearhart's arrangement for orchestra of Sergei Prokofiev's Marche, op. 12, no. 1 from his Ten Pieces for piano, performed by the festival's orchestra, conducted by Pamela Gearhart.

2 17 I hear music [New York] : Decca, [1952]
1 sound disc
Publisher number: DL 5408.

Performed by Fred Waring and his Pennsylvanians. Gearhart is mentioned in the program notes as one of Waring's arrangers but is not cited specifically for any of the works.

2 18 Longines Symphonette Society presents Fred Waring and The Pennsylvanians, This is my country Larchmont, New York : Longines Symphonette Society, 196-?
1 sound disc
Publisher number: SYS 5276.

Contains Gearhart's arrangement of Dry bones, not cited on album.

2 19 Fred Waring and The Pennsylvanians in hi-fi Hollywood, California : Capitol , 1967
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: W-845.

Contains Gearhart's arrangement of Dry bones .

2 20 Again! Virtuosity at two pianos: Morley and Gearhart encores Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania : Omnisound, 1981
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: N–1030.

Five additional copies.

2 21 Two piano artistry of Morley and Gearhart rediscovered Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania : Omnisound, 1978
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: –1017.

Two additional copies.

2 22 Night life on two pianos: Morley and Gearhart duo-pianists New York : Columbia, 1949
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: ML 2033.
2 23 Americans in Paris: Morley and Gearhart, duo-pianists New York : Columbia, 1951
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: ML 2197.
2 24 Songs recorded from Livingston Gearhart's A singing bee Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania : Shawnee Press, 196-?
1 sound disc
Publisher's number: XTV 25573.

Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Library's online catalog.


Gearhart, Pamela
Waring, Virginia


Composers--New York (State)--Buffalo
Orchestral music
Orchestral music, Arranged
Piano music (Pianos (2))
Vocal music


Sound recordings

Associated Material

Additional Guides

All recordings in the collection are cataloged in WorldCat and are available in BISON , the online catalog for the University at Buffalo Libraries, by performing a "Title begins with" search under "Livingston Gearhart Recordings".

Related Resources

Related Resources in the Music Library

Contains Gearhart's vitae, prose writings, correspondence, programs, clippings, and teaching materials.

Preliminary inventory of collection of manuscript and published scores composed or arranged by Livingston Gearhart.

Collection of 26 images, including photographs of Nadia Boulanger and her summer class of 1938, Gearhart and his first wife, Virginia Morley (Waring) at Mills College in California, with composer Darius Milhaud and his family, and the Budapest String Quartet. The collection also includes four photographs of composer Johannes Brahms in 1896. Also available as a digital collection in University at Buffalo Libraries Digital Collections .